A Guide to Cannabinoids Terminology
With a plethora of information on the web about CBD, hemp seed oil, and the different types of CBD oil products available, we've put together a helpful guide that defines all the lingo and explain their benefits.
WHAT IS CBD?
CBD, or cannabidiol, is a compound found primarily in the hemp plant's flowers and leaves. It's one of many natural essential oils that's extracted from the flower and is known for supporting the body and mind in various ways.
CBD oil contains a variety of active compounds such as cannabinoids and terpenes. It has been shown in research studies to be well-tolerated and non-toxic to humans.
How does it work?
Our bodies have a vast network of receptors, called the Endocannabinoid System. Its purpose is to help us stay balanced, even when challenged by external factors and certain lifestyle choices. CBD and other cannabinoids fit into those receptors helping us stay in good health by supporting many of the body's physical processes.
Who can take it?
Studies show that CBD oil can be tolerated by most. Since the most common results of taking it are calm and focus, relief from exercise-induced inflammation, support for healthy sleep cycles, and relief from everyday stresses. Anyone looking for balance in these areas might benefit from CBD oil.
What Is the Difference Between Hemp Seed Oil and CBD Oil?
Hemp seed oil and CBD oil are not the same product. Hemp seed oil is the oil extracted from hemp seeds and is generally used for cooking and dietary supplements. Hemp seed oil does not contain any CBD or other cannabinoids. On the other hand, CBD oil is made by extracting the essential oils from the entire plant and contains cannabinoids, terpenes, and other active compounds.
What Are the Benefits of CBD and Whole-Plant Hemp Supplements?
Many people integrate CBD into their health routine to support their cellular and molecular health. CBD, or cannabidiol, is just one of over 80+ cannabinoids that can be extracted from hemp. Among the many benefits that our users experience, some of the main ones are: a sense of calm and focus, stress relief, reducing inflammation, and improving sleep quality.
Types of CBD Oil: Full-Spectrum v. Broad-Spectrum vs. Isolate
Full Spectrum CBD Oil
Full Spectrum hemp oil refers to a complete hemp plant extract with Delta 9-THC, cannabidiol, minor cannabinoids, and terpenes.
Broad Spectrum CBD Oil
Broad Spectrum CBD oil is very similar to a full-spectrum oil. Broad-spectrum CBD oil also contains beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes but has all trace amounts of THC removed. This is ideal for those who want no THC in their CBD products.
CBD Isolate is a pure, crystalline powder that contains 99% pure CBD. All the plant matter in the hemp plant, including oils, waxes, chlorophyll, other cannabinoids, terpenes, and more, is removed, offering a finished product that's CBD and nothing more.
What Are Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are active compounds produced by all cannabis plants. Research has found that there are between 80-100 cannabinoids found in a cannabis plant. They account for most of the health benefits of cannabis. Below are just a few of them and their benefits:
- Cannabidiol (CBD) — anti-inflammatory, antidepressant, relieves pain, neuro-protective, reduces anxiety, suppresses muscle spasms.
- Cannabichromene (CBC) — anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, antidepressant, and antifungal effects, promotes bone growth and relieves pain.
- Cannabinol (CBN) — anti-inflammatory, analgesic, aid in sleep disorders.
- Cannabigerol (CBG) — antibiotic, antidepressant and pain reliever, a muscle relaxant.
- Cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) — anti-inflammatory, antibacterial,
- Cannabidivarin (CBDV) — anticonvulsant, relieves nausea,
- Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) — anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, reducing nausea and fighting tumor and cancer cells.
What Are Terpenes?
Terpenes or Terpenoids are very common chemical compounds in plants and animals that function as primary biosynthetic cellular messengers. Terpenes are oils secreted by the glandular hairs found most densely on female plants' floral leaves and flowers. Although terpene molecules are all very similar, each has its unique scent and flavor. Various combinations of terpenes are responsible for the distinct aromas of cannabis strains. Terpenes can also have powerful effects on our bodies. Humans have utilized terpenes for millennia in a healing modality known as aromatherapy.
Some common terpenes:
- Limonene: Has a strong citrus odor like orange, lemon, and lime. It has been known to promote a general uplift in mood.
- Linalool: Has floral and Lavender undertones. It has been known to promote calming and relaxing effects. It has been used for reducing anxiety and used to aid sleep.
Glossary of CBD Oil Products
To summarize, various products contain varying levels of CBD and other cannabinoids and terpenes.
- Hemp seed oil: Oil produced from hemp seeds does not contain CBD.
- Raw industrial hemp extract: A low-quality source of CBD oil.
- Raw PCR hemp extract: A high-quality, full-spectrum product rich in CBD and contains all the naturally occurring compounds, including cannabinoids and terpenes.
- CBD concentrate or distillate: A full spectrum or broad-spectrum product from which unwanted compounds have been removed.
- CBD isolate: Purified CBD does not contain other beneficial terpenes and cannabinoids.
- CBD-rich oil/Phytocannabinoid-Rich (PCR): Either full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD concentrate or oil infused with CBD concentrate.
- Broad-spectrum oil: An oil rich in CBD and the beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes present in hemp without the THC.
- CBD-infuse: Generally refers to a product infused with CBD, can be full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or an isolate product.
FDA Disclaimer: The Food and Drug Administration has not evaluated the statements made regarding these products. The efficacy of these products has not been confirmed by FDA-approved research. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. All information presented here is not meant to substitute for or be an alternative to healthcare practitioners' information. Please consult your health care professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act require this notice.